Stroke

A stroke is a cerebral vascular accident that causes a sudden interruption in the blood supply to the brain. Poor blood flow to brain cells means a lack of oxygen, which in some cases can be fatal. One person in ten successfully recovers total physical and mental capacities after a stroke. However, more than one half of stroke victims must learn to live with post-stroke symptoms, such as:

  • Speech and language difficulties
  • Partial or complete paralysis of one half of the body (hemiplegia)
  • Impaired memory
  • Behavior modifications
  • Chronic fatigue

The risk of acute damage is dependent on the size of the oxygen-deprived region.

Forerunner symptoms include:

  • Dizziness and sudden loss of balance
  • Loss of strength and / or sensitivity in one arm, one leg, half of the face or all of one side of the body
  • Sudden difficulty finding or expressing words (incomprehensible sentences or words)
  • Sudden loss of vision in one eye or visual field

Physiotherapy rehabilitation

  • Stimulate joint and muscle function
  • Promote correct muscle tone to enable better motor function
  • Promote early stepping verticalization
  • Favor lower limb loading
  • Work on balance and coordination
  • Work on gait and movement activities

Adapted physical activity rehabilitation

  • Optimal stimulation and exercise of impaired limbs or body side using fitness equipment and/ or appropriate sports activities
  • Improve physical condition to combat post-stroke fatigue

Occupational therapy rehabilitation

  • Regain optimal independence in daily life activities: washing, dressing, cooking and shopping as well as administrative and financial tasks
  • Stimulate self-directed bed, toilet and car transfers
  • Recover sensitivity loss or diminution
  • Stimulate injured upper limb motor skills and integrate these in bi-manual activities
  • Restore functional hand movement: dexterity work, finger dissociation, precision, skill, strength and writing
  • Develop an upper limb positioning orthoses
  • Improve balance (Wii Balance Board)
  • Evaluate and set up all necessary equipment and home assistance to ensure a successful return-home transition

Neuropsychological rehabilitation

Neuropsychology makes use of preserved abilities in order to rehabilitate and/or compensate for impaired cognitive skills. It focuses on improving:

  • Memory skills
  • Executive functions (i.e. multitasking, planning daily tasks...)
  • Attention disorders (i.e. speed of information processing)
  • Unilateral spatial neglect symptoms

Several approaches are used, such as:

  • Cognitive skill games
  • Specific computer software tools (Rehacom, iGerip, Cogniplus®)
  • Pencil-and-paper exercises
  • Prismatic adaptation
  • Memory notebook implementation

Speech and language therapy rehabilitation

Speech and language therapy focuses on improving speech, voice and swallowing disorders.

Diverse therapeutic activities include:

  • Oral and written expression/comprehension
  • Vocal exercises
  • Articulation exercises
  • Orofacial motor exercises
  • Therapeutic diets (restoring nutrition, food texture adaptation, techniques to protect airway passage)

 

Our speech therapists implement alternative communication procedures to help patients improve family/friend interactions. Speech therapy also plays a key role in the recovery of facial paralysis.