Parkinson's disease

Parkinson's disease is a neurodegenerative brain disorder caused by a lack of dopamine production, which gradually affects certain functions of the central nervous system. Dopamine is a neurotransmitter that allows messages to be sent between neurons. When dopamine levels decrease, it causes various motor problems, and as the disease progresses, it also affects neurons do not produce dopamine, in other parts of the brain.

Symptoms of the disease include:

  • Stiff muscles
  • Slow movement
  • Resting tremor
  • Problems with gait and posture
  • Problems with balance
  • Sleep disorders
  • Cognitive impairment
  • Speech and communication problems
  • Swallowing disorders
  • Emotional fragility


  • Maintain joint and muscle function
  • Find strategies to improve movement control
  • Improve balance and coordination
  • Improve gait pattern and mobility

Occupational therapy

  • Maintain maximum independence for personal hygiene, bathing, dressing, etc.
  • Achieve independence in transfers, particularly changing positions from sitting to lying and getting back into bed
  • Improve upper limb function: range of motion, fine motor skills, coordination of both hands
  • Develop compensations to reduce tremors
  • Correct small, cramped handwriting
  • Improve posture
  • Assess and reduce the risk of falls

Tailored physical activity programmes

  • Maintain and improve overall mobility (stretching exercises)
  • Improve balance (climbing, ball games, dance, darts)
  • Improve coordination (Nordic walking, pilates, dance)
  • Achieve independence in daily physical exercise (exercise plans provided upon discharge)

Neuropsychological rehabilitation

Neuropsychology makes use of remaining abilities in order to rehabilitate and/or compensate for impaired cognitive skills.

Neuropsychological therapy mainly focuses on improving:

  • Memory skills
  • Executive functions (i.e. multitasking, planning daily tasks, etc.)
  • Attention disorders (i.e. speed of information processing)

In order to achieve this, several approaches are used, such as:

  • Games focused on cognitive skills
  • Specific computer software tools (Rehacom, iGerip, Cogniplus®)
  • Paper-and-pencil exercises

Speech and language therapy

Speech and language therapy sessions mainly focus on improving speech and voice function as well as swallowing disorders.

Sessions cover a wide range of activities, including:

  • LSVT® method (Lee Silverman Voice Treatment) for speech and voice function
  • Food therapy (adapting food textures, techniques for protecting the airway, etc.)
  • Oral motor exercises

Our speech and language therapists can also develop alternative means of communication to help patients interact more with their family and friends.