The knee is one of the most complex joints in the human body and knee pain, a common condition affecting all ages, can be caused by several reasons, including:
- Osteoarthritis of the knee
- Cruciate and collateral ligament tears
- Meniscal injuries
After a thorough assessment of your condition, and medical imaging examinations if necessary, you will receive an accurate diagnosis. Our specialist team always delivers attentive care and you will receive the most appropriate treatment for your medical condition that meets your expectations. We will always offer conservative treatment options first, where possible.
- Orthoses and aids
- Pain relief medication: Analgesics, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), etc.
- Arthroscopic knee surgery
- Joint replacement surgery
Depending on your medical condition, bone quality, level of activity and various other factors, your surgeon will choose whether a partial or total knee replacement is most appropriate, as well as the surgical technique (minimally invasive, navigated surgery, etc.) that is best for you.
Total knee replacement surgery
When medical osteoarthritis treatments are unsuccessful, total knee replacement surgery is necessary. This consists of replacing the femur, tibia and patella joints with a complete prosthesis made of three component implants:
- Femoral prosthesis
- Tibial prosthesis
- Patella prosthesis
Partial knee replacement surgery
A partial knee replacement involves replacing part of the knee joint artificially using mechanical components that form a new surface. The prosthesis is made up of several component parts and various materials:
- Tibial base plate, attached to the tibia
- Polyethylene spacer to limit the wear and tear on the prosthesis
- Femoral component
- In some cases, a patellar component
What are the benefits?
Over the last ten years, knee replacement surgery has been used more and more to treat advanced osteoarthritis. The aim of knee replacement surgery is to:
- Significantly reduce pain
- Restore mobility
- Improve quality of life, walking, etc.
Only your surgeon, a proficient medical professional, has the expertise and experience to offer you the best possible care, including physiotherapy, anti-inflammatory treatment, arthroscopic surgery and knee replacement surgery.
Post-surgery rehabilitation care
After surgery and with the help of our specialists’ team, you will be expected to quickly start your rehabilitation program and gradually do more and more exercises. You will be able to get up and walk, initially using a walking aid, and then without any support.
It is very important that you closely follow the rehabilitation program to ensure your procedure is as successful as possible. Please only do the exercises recommended by your physiotherapist and/or surgeon.
- Recover joint amplitudes
- Recover adequate muscle activation
- Decrease edema and post-operative pain
- Promote healing
- Recover adequate walking pattern
OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY REHABILITATION
- Promote set up of auxiliary methods and training
- Provide joint protection advice
- Check application of instructions via diverse scenarios
- Suggest practical home adaptations
ADAPTED PHYSICAL ACTIVITY REHABILITATION
- Improve overall and specific joint mobility
- Inform and support the patient to maintain physical activity at home
You will stay in hospital for between three and seven days, depending on how quickly you recover. You can usually return to driving after a few weeks, depending on how quickly you recover and which knee was replaced. You can also expect to return to sports after a few months, depending on the type of physical activity. However, we recommend that high-impact contact sports should still be avoided.
Postoperative rehabilitation exercises
Here is a list of physiotherapy exercises for postoperative rehabilitation. Please note that only the exercises specifically recommended by your physiotherapist and / or surgeon should be performed.