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Total hip replacement (THR) surgery
What is a hip prosthesis?
An ‘artificial hip,’ known as a prosthesis, is used to replace a small part of the worn joint, using mechanical components that form a new surface, allowing the joint to move smoothly without pain. The prosthesis is made up of several component parts and various materials:
- A titanium femoral stem
- A ceramic or metal femoral head
- A polyethylene or ceramic liner and acetabular cup
Depending on your medical condition, bone quality, level of activity and various other factors, your surgeon will choose the prosthesis and surgical technique that are best for you.
Why have hip replacement surgery?
Hip replacement surgery is usually performed to treat coxarthrosis (osteoarthritis of the hip). Coxarthrosis may be caused by a number of factors, including injury, deformity or ageing. Depending on how advanced your condition is, we may be able to offer conservative treatment options. However, if there is too much wear and tear to the cartilage and bone forming the hip joint, an artificial hip prosthesis may need to be fitted to replace the damaged joint.
What are the benefits?
By treating coxarthrosis, the aim of hip replacement surgery is to:
- Significantly reduce pain
- Restore mobility
- Improve the quality of everyday life
Only your surgeon, a proficient medical professional, has the expertise and experience to offer you the best possible care for your condition.
Post-surgery rehabilitation care
After surgery and with the help of our specialists’ team, you will be expected to quickly start your rehabilitation program and gradually do more and more exercises. You will be able to get up and walk, initially using a walking aid, and then without any support.
It is very important that you follow the rehabilitation program closely to ensure your procedure is as successful as possible.
- Recover joint amplitudes
- Recover adequate muscle activation
- Decrease edema and post-operative pain
- Promote healing
- Recover adequate walking pattern
OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY REHABILITATION
- Promote set up of auxiliary methods and training
- Provide joint protection advice
- Check application of instructions via diverse scenarios
- Suggest practical home adaptations
ADAPTED PHYSICAL ACTIVITY REHABILITATION
- Improve overall and specific joint mobility
- Inform and support the patient to maintain physical activity at home
You will stay in hospital for between five and seven days, depending on how quickly you recover. You can usually return to driving after a few weeks, depending on how quickly you recover and which hip was replaced. You can also expect to return to sports after a few months, depending on the type of physical activity. However, we recommend that high-impact contact sports should still be avoided.
Postoperative rehabilitation exercises
Here is a list of physiotherapy exercises for postoperative rehabilitation. Please note that only the exercises specifically recommended by your physiotherapist and / or surgeon should be performed.